Bible Resources

90 Hard Words in the Bible
by Richard Flanders

The time-honored King James Version of the Bible does use some expressions that are not familiar to most readers today. These old words or obsolete definitions for words are not many and can be learned easily and quickly. Here is a list of most of them.

• afore = before

• aforetime = in times past

• artificer = craftsman

• audience = hearing

• bewrayeth = betrayeth

• bondmen = slaves

• cast = throw, put

• caul = fat

• charity = love

• chide = contend

• cleave, clave = cut, cling

• coast = border

• conversation = behavior

• deal = part

• dearth = famine

• discomfit = defeat

• discover = expose

• divers = diverse, various

• emulation = jealousy

• ensample = example

• ere = before

• espied = discovered

• even = evening

• forswear = perjure

• forthwith = immediately

• fretting = festering

• froward = perverse

• graven = carved

• hearken = listen

• heave = lift

• holpen = helped

• husbandman = farmer

• husbandry = farm

• kine = cows

• let = hinder

• list = want

• mammon = money

• meat = food, meal

• meet = fitting, suitable

• mingle = mix

• minish = diminish

• morrow = next day

• nigh = near

• ouch = setting

• ought = any

• peculiar = special

• peradventure = perhaps, suppose

• plaiting = braiding

• privily = privately

• prove = test, try

• publican = tax collector

• purloining = pilfering, embezzling

• quick = alive

• quicken = make alive

• remove = move

• rend = tear

• rereward = rear guard

• save, saving = except

• seethe = boil

• selfsame = very same

• shew = show

• singular = special

• sodden = boiled

• sore = greatly

• straightway = immediately

• stranger = foreigner

• strawed = scattered

• succour = help

• suffer = allow

• tell = count

• tempt = test, try

• terrible = awe-inspiring

• throughly = thoroughly

• turtle = turtle dove

• twain = two

• usury = interest

• verily = truly

• victuals = food supplies

• want = lack

• ward = prison

• wax = become

• wherefore = why or therefore

• wist = knew

• wittingly = knowingly

• wont = accustomed

• wot = know

• wreathen = braided

• wroth = angry

• whither = where

• whence = from where

Used with permission of author Richard Flanders, 6061 Maple Road, Vassar, MI 48768.

Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. John 17:17
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